Patrick Sarsfield Gilmore (1829-1892), whose song When Johnny Comes Marching Home Again is considered one of America's iconic hymns, died on September 24, 1892 in St. Louis while on a national tour with his orchestra.
Born in Ballygar, County Galway, Gilmore emigrated to Boston in 1849 and quickly established himself as an excellent cornet player and a band organizer. He led several prominent bands in the 1850s and finally established his own Gilmore's Band.
Gilmore and his band joined the Massachusetts 24th Regiment when the American Civil War broke out in 1861, and accompanied the soldiers to the battle front. After the war ended Gilmore put together a giant Peace Jubilee in 1869 to celebrate peace. The five-day music festival featured 1,000 musicians and 10,000 choral singers, and was attended by President Ulysses S. Grant.
Then in 1872, Gilmore staged an even larger World Peace Jubilee to celebrate the end of the Franco-Prussian War. He invited national bands for over a dozen nations, and the feature artist was Austrian Waltz King Johann Strauss.
For the final two decades of his life, Gilmore and his band toured Europe and throughout North America.
The day after his death from a heart attack, the Chicago Tribute wrote that "America Lost one of its Most Picturesque Musical Leaders."
For more about Boston's Irish history, visit IrishHeritageTrail.com.